Today the city of Sacramento has a population of over 500,000 and houses the major California government offices. It has become a major financial, health care, and educational center. Median family income is almost $82,000 per year, and the median home value is $325,000.
Sacramento County is located in Northern California and is home to the capital of California, the city of Sacramento (also the county seat). This one hundred square mile county is contains the confluence of the American River and the Sacramento River and a deep-water port that connects to San Francisco Bay.
For thousands of years, the Nisanen Native Americans lived in this area. Then in 1839 John Sutter obtained a land grant from the Mexican government. Gold was discovered in 1848, and the city plan was laid out.